ABOUT DEMENTIA CARE AND ALZHEIMER’S CARE
What is Dementia?
Dementia is a term used to describe a collection of symptoms including memory loss, problems with reasoning and a reduction in the ability to carry out activities of daily living. There are a number of different types of dementia: Alzheimer’s, Vascular Dementia, Fronto temporal dementia and Dementia with Lewy bodies (associated with Parkinson’s disease). The most common form of Dementia is Alzheimer’s disease. Need Dementia care?
What is Alzheimer’s
Alzheimer’s disease is the most commonly diagnosed type of dementia. It was first recognised by the German neurologist Dr.Alois Alzheimer and that is how it got its name. Dr Alzheimer noticed plaques and tangles in his subjects’ brains which were causing brain cells to die quicker than they would with normal aging. Alzheimer’s is a progressive mental deterioration that can occur in middle or old age. Due to death of the brain cells sufferers experience memory loss, cognitive decline – thinking, remembering, reasoning and loss of behavioural ability. People with Down’s, Syndrome are at an increased risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease.
Alzheimer’s is one of the most common forms of Dementia accounting for 50-60% of all dementia cases.
Early Signs of Alzheimer’s
There are no tests for Alzheimer’s instead; a diagnosis is made by assessing symptoms and ruling out all other possible causes.
Some of the most common symptoms of Alzheimer’s are:
- Memory Loss
- Difficulty with familiar Day to Day Tasks
- Unsure of familiar surroundings
- Vision Problems
- Communication Problems
- Losing/Misplacing Belongings
- Out of character agitation or mood swings
- Impaired Judgement
- Wandering without notifying family or friends
- Lose recognition of who their family and friends are
Stages of Dementia / Alzheimer’s
Alzheimer’s can progress through a number of stages from Mild – Moderate – Severe. Care About You can assist with home care and respite care throughout any stage. Visit our home care page on Dementia and Alzheimer’s for more information or contact us today for a free needs assessment.
During the early stages the individual will begin to suffer memory loss, wander or become unfamiliar with their surroundings. May need reminders for daily activities and begin to experience mood swings and out of character behaviour.
During the Moderate stage the individual may have persistent memory loss, completely forgetting recent events. They are more likely to become completely lost in familiar surroundings and have changes in mood and behaviour. Mobility may be affected, becoming slower putting things in odd places or forgetting where familiar items are kept.
In sever Alzheimer’s the individual becomes confused by what is now and what is the past. At this stage due to the memory loss becoming more severe the individual begins to lose recognition of those they have met recently, followed by forgetting friends and eventually forgetting family. In the end stages of Alzheimer’s an individual may only remember their own parents and may also believe they still live in that period.
For further information about Dementia and Alzheimer’s in Ireland visit dementia.ie